Pre-Schoolers, Aged 1-5 years.

Generally, a healthy child will follow an individual growth curve, which corresponds to their age, height and weight. It is important to remember that each child is different and not to compare your child with their friends’ growth and development. 

The World Health Organization has growth charts, which you can find below.

Click to download growth chart for girls

Click to download growth chart for boys

In general terms you can expect to see these key milestones when your child is between 1 and 5 years old

  • Between the ages of 1-2 years, a toddler will not gain much weight, in general around 2 kg.1
  • This amount of weight gain should be consistent at around 2 kg per year from the ages of 2-5 years.1
  • Between 1-2 years your child might be able to hold their own bottle or cup, picking up food between their fingers, making sounds and talking a little more. 2
  • Between 2-3 years your child might start making friends and become more aware of other people’s emotions. Your child might also be able to climb up a ladder or onto a sofa and kick a large ball2.
  • Between 3-4 years your child can play with a group of friends, using their imagination to play games. They’re capable of making decisions such as the toys they want to play with, as well as understand directions you might give them, such as “put your shoes in the basket, please”2.
  • They are beginning to listen to longer stories and talk about them, sing familiar songs and count in order between 1 and 102.
  • Between 4-5 years old your child can go to the toilet by themselves and understand and use temporal words such as “first” “next” and then. Your child is beginning to understand their own emotions, and how to express them2.
  • They’re beginning to recognise numbers and words that rhyme, as well as use building toys to make the thing they want to make2.

If you have any concerns with your child’s growth and development please discuss these with your healthcare professional. 



  1. Medline Plus, 2013: Accessed 7th April 2017.

  2. Foundation Years, 2015:, Accessed 22nd March 2017